129 Jackson Street, Hempstead, NY 11550

KID CARE NEWSLETTER

It' cold season. Do you know all you need to know about colds? Read our newsletter to become an expert!

What are colds?

Children under the age of 2 get an average of 8 to 10 colds per year. They may have more if they are in daycare or are exposed to older children in their households.
Many types of viruses cause colds. Sneezing, coughing or touching a surface that has the virus on it from an infected person spreads these viruses.

When your child has a cold he or she may have?

  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal stuffiness
  • Fever

How can I care for my child during a cold?

Unfortunately, there' s no cure for the common cold. Antibiotics are used only for bacterial infections. They have no effect on viruses, so the best you can do is to make sure your child is kept comfortable. Colds can easily be managed at home. Some things you can do for children of all ages during a cold are: Provide extra rest periods

  • Encourage increased hand washing
  • Encourage increased fluid intake
  • Use a cool mist humidifier at bedside to decrease nasal congestion. Never use a warm mist humidifier because of the risk for burns and bacteria growth in the water If your child is 3 months to 2 years old you may also:
  • Use saline drops or spray to the nostrils as needed, especially a few minutes before feeding times.
  • Use a nasal aspirator to suction out the loosened mucus If your child is 2 years of age or older you also may:r
  • Give a fever reducer / pain reliever such as Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or Ibuprofen (Motrin) – REMEMBER to give the dosage according to the medicine' s label
  • Give decongestants or cold medicines – REMEMBER to give the dosage according to the medicine' s label. Do not give these products more than 3–4 days in a row because they can cause worsening congestion rather than improve it.

When should I bring my child to the health care provider?

Usually, cold symptoms resolve on their own after about a week without causing any harm to children. You should see your child' s health care provider if your child:

  • Has a persistent cough (longer than a week).
  • Loses his / her appetite for a few days or refuses several feedings.
  • Runs a fever for more than 3 days.
  • Seems excessively irritable.
  • Seems unusually sleepy or hard to awaken.
  • Fever

If your baby is younger than 3 months and has a fever of 100.4F or greater, it is important to have your health care provider see him or her right away. Babies this young do not have the defenses to fight off many viruses and may need to be evaluated in the hospital. Now you have learned all about colds in children. If you have any questions about your child's health do not hesitate to call or come into our clinic and speak with the nurse practitioner or pediatrician. Also, please let us know of any other child health topics you would like us to cover in our KID CARE Newsletter in the future.